The sebaceous glands are present all over the body, including the eyes and around. In case of violation of their functioning cyst develops century, is a dense knot, having the medical name chalazion. Melenkie formation is not too dangerous, while cysts larger sizes treat a must.
In the early stages chalazion occurs virtually asymptomatic. On palpation of the lower or upper eyelid probed a little knot. If after 2-3 weeks century cyst does not disappear by itself, it has significantly increased, reaching the size of a large pea, and becomes visually conspicuous. Usually, this tumor does not hurt and does not affect vision, but in the case of accession of infection, it becomes inflamed, causing pressure on the eyeball, the deformation of the century and a cutting pain. It should be noted that the skin around the chalazion hyperemic, mobile and a little swollen. In the center of the cyst can be seen a rounded portion of a yellowish color.
The reasons for the lower eyelid cysts
As mentioned above, the main predisposing factor of occurrence of cysts of the lower eyelid – a blockage of the sebaceous glands. Inside it accumulates thick secretion, leading to the formation of a dense capsule. To date, not been fully established reasons for consistency gland secretions becomes thick and not liquid, it should be normal. Some experts attribute this to the chronic diseases of the digestive system – gastritis, colitis, dysbiosis, biliary dyskinesia, pancreatitis.
Other causes cysts century include:
- frequent mechanical damage to the eye tissue (due to the use of contact lenses, poor-quality cosmetics, as well as false eyelashes);
- disease century (demodicosis, blepharitis, meybomit, barley);
- allergies (hay fever, conjunctivitis).
Treatment of cysts century
chalazion therapy in each particular case depends on its size and the presence of limitations of the inflammatory process.
When small size tumors, as well as the absence of infection can be eliminated with the help of medication. In general ophthalmologists prescribe a variety of ophthalmic ointment (dexamethasone, hydrocortisone) in combination with the regular use of antiseptic drops. Are sufficiently effective and physiotherapy treatments, particularly massages eyelids, warm compresses, UHF, electrophoresis, short laser warming.
At the same time, it is important to say that the presence of inflammatory process in favor strict contraindication to any physiological procedures with warming, because it can cause a spontaneous rupture of cysts and abscesses. These situations require antibiotic treatment cysts century.
In the case of insufficient effects of the above methods can be administered to a patient injection site (directly into the cyst eyes) with corticosteroids, such as Kenalog or dexamethasone. These products contribute to the rapid resorption of small cysts. This cavity tumors remains within the sebaceous gland, which can then cause a relapse.
How to carry out the removal of a cyst century?
Today, surgical or laser husking chalazion is the most effective way to treat it. In this case, removal of cysts century performed together with the capsule, which saves the patient from recurrence.
The operation was carried out with the introduction of an anesthetic injection to a site near the cyst. During the 20-30 minutes a cystic cavity is opened and its contents gently remove with the surrounding tissue. The surgeon then stitches and a pressure bandage on the eye. In order to prevent wound infection for 5-7 days after surgery, the patient is recommended to use special anti-inflammatory drops or ointments.