An eye cyst is a very unpleasant disease. Unfortunately, it occurs in people of all ages. Both in the elderly and in infants. We can only note the relationship and patterns of occurrence of the certain cyst types in groups of people of the same age.
However, this does not help much in preventing the formation of eye cysts. In addition, the cyst of the eye can be not only acquired, but also congenital.
What to do in case of eye cysts?
The appearance of eye cysts becomes noticeable immediately. A nodule, a cavity filled with liquid or pronounced spots are formed on the surface of the eyeball or eyelid.
In addition, eye cyst usually causes discomfort in the patient that can’t be unnoticed.
When the first signs of the cystic formations, such as spots and seals of different sizes, appear, you should immediately contact the specialist.
He will determine the nature of the lesion and choose the most optimal course of treatment. Self-medicate is not recommended, because it can lead to complications.
How does the doctor diagnose?
An ophthalmologist makes a diagnosis based on an enlarged image in a biomicroscope. Diagnostic examinations can be carried out with the use of ultrasound biomicroscopy.
In case of some eye tumors, the diagnosis of the cyst and its type can be made with doctor examination without additional medical equipment. Because many eye cysts have a characteristic appearance.
In some situations, an accurate diagnosis can be made only after resection (removal of an organ or its part) and histopathological examination (study of the affected tissue) of the taken material. This is especially necessary when the doctor suspects that the formation is malignant. The procedure is necessary to exclude the possibility of eye cancer.
This diagnostic biopsy involves collecting only a fragment of the tumor for histological examination. After collection, it is sent to the laboratory, where it is determined whether the formation is benign or malignant.
Biopsy with complete removal of the affected tissue or organ is usually used only for treatment.
Eye cyst treatment
If the cyst of the eye is primary and small, or located in the lower fold, it usually does not require surgery.
Many papillomas disappear by themselves within a few months and do not require special treatment. If the papilloma is floriferous, small, does not disfigure and is cosmetically acceptable, it can be left. It is necessary to periodically visit the doctor to track changes and confirm the progress in treatment.
In case of increasing in sizes or dysplasia (improper development of tissues or an organ), it is necessary to remove the eye cyst with additional cryotherapy.
When surgical removal is prescribed, the doctor must remember that the removal must be complete. Because partial or incomplete removal often only stimulates the growth of papilloma and significantly worsens the final cosmetic result.
For large cysts, surgery is always prescribed. In this case, if the cyst is especially large, it is necessary to completely remove the affected tissue of the eye or adjacent organs, or the entire organ (or adjacent organs).
Freezing (cryotherapy) is also used as a treatment option for eye cysts. Sometimes used combined treatment, combining excision (excision of the tissue) by cryotherapy or cytotoxic drug, mitomycin or interferon.
Granulomas can be treated with anti-inflammatory drops (eg, corticosteroid with antibiotic). But only that are prescribed by the doctor. Remember that the treatment of a specialist not only has a high probability of successful disposal of eye cysts, but also prevents dangerous complications.
If the anti-inflammatory drops did not give the expected result and the granuloma did not disappear, such an eye cyst can be removed surgically.
Granulomas associated with sarcoidosis (the presence of the parasite Ascaris in the small intestine), require systemic treatment. It is primarily based on the treatment of the underlying disease, which provoked this eye cyst. The treatment of granulomas without treatment of ascaridia does not make sense. As without it getting rid of granuloma, provoked by the presence of the parasite, will be difficult, and there will be constant relapses of granuloma.
Congenital tumors, if they are unacceptable from a cosmetic and aesthetic point of view, are removed surgically. It should be remembered, however, that congenital eye cysts often penetrate deep into the tissues, and their removal may not be easy.
Hemangiomas can be surgically removed. But most of they are left to disappear on their own under the supervision of the doctor.
Unfortunately, in case of an eye cyst and its treatment, relapses often occur. Even qualitatively performed surgery with complete removal of pathological tissues of the formation does not give a 100 percent guarantee that the disease will not repeat.
Is it possible to completely cure the eye cyst forever?
his question is often asked in the ophthalmologist’s office by patients who have treated an eye cyst. Not surprisingly, the problem causes a lot of discomfort, and its location often causes problems from an aesthetic point of view. So no one wants to face it again.
However, the question is not correct. As stated in this and the previous article about eye cyst types, tumors on this organ can have different causes. Including provoked by other diseases. Therefore, we can not say that you can permanently get rid of the probability of new eye cysts or one hundred percent to prevent relapses. Just as it is impossible to talk about the prevention of provocative and concomitant diseases forever.
Even in case of benign lesions, a complete cure is impossible. Often these lesions are renewed and require new surgical interventions. This is especially true for papilloma-type cysts provoked by HPV.
However, we can carry out prevention to reduce the risk and likelihood of eye cysts.
First of all, especially to prevent papillomas and acne, it is necessary to observe hygiene rules and maintain immunity. This will prevent infections and viruses provoking cystic eye diseases from entering the body.
To prevent the appearance of Bitot spots proper nutrition is recommended. The diet should be varied and provide the body with all the necessary elements to prevent vitamin A deficiency.