Tailbone cyst: causes, symptoms and treatments

October 6, 2015


Tailbone cyst – a birth defect, which is nevertheless quite common in modern medical practice. Interestingly, men such violation is diagnosed almost three times more than the fair sex. So what is this pathology and what are its symptoms?

What is the coccygeal cyst?

Actually cyst or pilonidal sinuses is a narrow tube that is not connected with any of the spine. This pathology results from incomplete disappearance of the tail tissue during embryonic development. The oil cyst located in mezhyagodichnoy folds and opens out a few small holes in the skin. It is through these pores from time to time stand out the waste products of the epithelial tissue. However, when clogging external openings content begins to accumulate in the cavity coccygeal, leading to infection and inflammation.

The oil cyst and causes inflammation

Of course, many people may survive to adulthood without even knowing the presence of cysts. But if you fall into education bacterial microorganisms may develop inflammation. Here are the most common risk factors that often lead to the development of complications:

  • In the first place it is worth noting the immune system, as the weakening of its protective functions often leads to activation of the infection.
  • In addition, inflammation may be a result of scratches, abrasions and other injuries to the coccyx.
  • The oil cyst can fester because of the constant diaper rash mezhyagodichnoy folds (such as in newborns) or non-compliance with the rules of personal hygiene.
  • On the other hand, purulent process may be caused by obstruction of the flow of sweat glands.
  • Risk factors also include a sit-down job.

The oil cyst: symptoms of inflammation

The contents of the cyst, high temperature and humidity – the conditions that are essential for normal functioning of pathogenic bacteria. Getting inside the cysts, bacteria begin to actively proliferate, and as the outer holes stroke clogged, the entire contents accumulates inside – so develops an inflammatory process. The disease is accompanied by a constant pain in the sacrum and coccyx. At the same time the skin over the cyst becomes reddish and becomes hot to the touch. Most patients complain of a burning pain in which it is simply impossible to sit.

The oil cysts: treatment

In fact, many people simply ignore the problem. Of course, sometimes a cyst can be opened by itself – the pus comes out, the pain disappeared, and the skin remains a small scar.

However, the disease can become chronic, and on relapses in such cases, no one is safe – repeated abscess may begin at any time. That is why effective treatment is surgical excision of cysts and fistulas, as well as the purification of tissues from pus. After the operation, usually a few months need to comply with certain rules (for example, as much as possible to take a shower, to limit physical activity), but it’s not the only way to protect yourself from the constant recurrence, which, incidentally, there are nearly 50% of patients who refused surgical treatment.

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