A cyst (from the Greek – bubble) – hollow benign, fluid-filled. In ovarian cysts can form the following: endometrial, dermoid cyst of the corpus luteum and follicular cyst. In addition, they are divided into congenital and acquired. In this body cysts can consist of several chambers filled with serous fluid. Their size is typically no more than 7-8 cm. Cyst wall has a small thickness. Its cells produce fluid that fills the cavity. As you fill the cyst increases in size.
Follicular ovarian cyst: causes
The main reasons are strong enough hormonal failure and metabolic disorders. They can provoke situations such as medical abortion, various diseases of small pelvis (salpingitis, oophoritis), incorrect use of contraceptives pobodrannyh, infectious and sexually transmitted diseases, infertility treatment.
Follicular cyst: pathogenesis
All of this type of education received or due to blockage of the excretory ducts of the glands, or when the fluid independently form a cavity. Most often, the follicular cyst is formed during ovulation.
Follicular cysts: Symptoms
The presence of follicular cysts are usually accompanied by the following symptoms:
- pain that occurs in the groin during increased physical activity or quite quickly sudden movements during sex;
- heaviness and distension in the abdomen;
- disruption of the menstrual cycle;
- the presence of secretions in the middle of the cycle.
The symptoms of complications
When complicated cyst or break the following symptoms appear:
- nausea and vomiting;
- severe pain;
- decrease in blood pressure;
- an increase in heart rate;
- weakness of the body;
- pallor due to anemia (due to a possible bleeding).
Follicular cyst: Diagnosis
There are several types of tumors definition. The very first is a manual examination of a woman while visiting a gynecologist. Thus the physician can feel for the formation of the side or on the front surface of the uterus. When probing it maloboleznenno and mobile, it has a smooth surface.
The next step is a diagnostic ultrasound pelvis. It shows single chamber or multi-chamber neoplasm having homogeneous content dimensioned 2-8 cm and a wall thickness of not more than 2 mm.
If this research are areas with reduced blood flow, which are located on the periphery.
Follicular cysts: treatment
Normally, this type of cysts resolve on their own within 2-3 cycles. For a woman usually installed surveillance. In some cases, prescribe anti-inflammatory therapy, oral contraceptives, vitamins, physiotherapy treatments. If the cyst is enormous and holds its complicated form, perform surgical removal. In some situations (rupture of cysts) carried out emergency surgery.