Arachnoid cysts of the brain is a mass lesion of benign nature. This cavity is formed as a result of duplication or splitting the corresponding shell and containing a watery substance, structure and composition of which is close to the cerebrospinal fluid.
Causes. The clinical picture
Arachnoid cysts of the brain develops as a complication of various pathologies. Compounding the severity of the patients, it provokes an epileptic, hypertensive syndrome, patchy hair loss, retarded mental and intellectual development. Arachnoid cyst is a congenital retrotserebellyarnaya. Typically, the present generation do not require any therapeutic intervention. However, when a patient’s complaints of a headache and other symptoms is recommended consultation with a neurologist, and probably the appointment of symptomatic therapy.
Arachnoid cysts in the brain. The choice of treatment
Removing this pathology is performed surgically. The main types of surgery should include endoscopic intervention (excision of the cyst, kistotsisternostomiyu, kistoventrikulostomiyu, ventrikulokistotsisternostomiyu), microsurgical manipulation bypass surgery. By the testimony of the operation include the presence and progression of paroxysms, increasing hypertensive hydrocephalic syndrome, the development of focal symptoms. Surgery is assigned if arachnoid cysts complicated by cerebral hemorrhage, a disorder observed in liquor circulation in violation of resorption. Endoscopic manipulations are characterized by low-traumatic, all the actions carried out under visual control and recorded.
In addition, after surgery no foreign bodies and associated complications. In the case of an insufficient number of indications for endoscopic procedures is appointed by the shunt or microneurosurgical intervention.
Arachnoid cysts of the spine. The clinical picture
Very often, this pathology is asymptomatic. But it is characteristic only for the formation of up to one and a half centimeters. When sprouting occurs cyst compression of the spinal cord and spinal roots. These processes are accompanied by a number of symptoms that are similar to the symptoms of herniated disk. Among the main symptoms of arachnoid cysts of the spine should be called a pain in the region of localization of education. Typically, painful manifestations occur after physical overexertion. In accordance with the localization of the patient may complain of numbness, weakness, pain in the limbs, in the disorder of motor function and impaired sensitivity. If the cyst is located in the waist, the most unpleasant symptoms may be irregularities in the pelvis. In particular, patients have urinary disorder function, potency, defecation.