Arachnoid cysts: diagnosis, complications

November 5, 2015

Arachnoid cysts: diagnosis, complications

General characteristics

The term “retrotserebellyarnaya arachnoid cysts” in neurology designated neoplasm arising under the arachnoid brain. Inside, it is filled with liquor, that is, the fluid from the spinal cord. What can be caused its effusion? Experts note that most of it is associated with high blood pressure in the spinal column, which in turn is caused by mechanical damage and injuries.

Versions of the disease

Arachnoid cysts in modern medicine is divided into primary and secondary. As you know, the true cystic formation in one way or another connected with abnormalities in fetal development, while the acquired form of cyst is often the result of an inflammatory disease of the brain. Among them should be mentioned such common diseases as meningitis, encephalitis, arachnoiditis itself and various viral lesions. It should also be borne in mind that the secondary arachnoid cysts often occurs following stroke, injury or surgery, unsuccessful.

The size and complication

According to these two criteria is also highlighted several types of cystic formations. Under medical supervision it is very important to consider the dynamics of the development of cysts. For example, there are cases where arachnoid cysts kept the same size for several decades. At the same time, and there are fast-growing tumors. In this case, it is recommended their immediate removal – this is due to the fact that the tumor can cause compression of the gray matter. In addition, the arachnoid is often inflamed; while there is symptoms, similar to meningitis.


Depending on exactly where education, allocate its varieties such as arachnoid cysts of the posterior fossa and temporal lobe. It should be remembered that in most cases, the clinical picture of the disease is completely absent. The best that the patient can not complain – this recurrent headaches.


The cyst of the brain, usually diagnosed in adolescents and young adults under 25 years. Physiologically, this is understandable: during puberty and the accompanying hormonal changes inside the brain cavity can increase in size. Characteristically, men suffer from this disease are four times more often than women. The most common signs include regular headaches and dizziness, nosebleeds, nausea, cramps. In the most severe cases may experience hallucinations.


If you for any reason to suspect that you have developed arachnoid cysts, treatment it can only be done by the doctor. Make an appointment with a neurologist, a detailed description of all the symptoms of it. Most likely, he will direct you to a CT scan. According to the survey results will be clear whether the changed structure of the brain. It is also advisable to make an X-ray and an electroencephalogram.

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