All cystic tumors in the oral cavity, including dental cysts, should be examined by a dentist or maxillofacial surgeon. Only they diagnose and decide what method of dental cyst treatment to choose.
Small root cysts in tooth are treated conservatively. Since such cysts are caused by inflammation, the treatment includes endodontic methods. That is, the dental cyst treatment is based on the elimination of inflammation in the soft tissues of the tooth and next to it. It is first of all cleaning and disinfection of the channels, pulp with their further filling. As a rule, such a cyst disappears after a certain period of time.
Other types of cysts and large root cysts are most often surgically removed. Sometimes the dental cyst treatment consists of several stages and requires several sessions. If there is inflammation, it should be removed before surgical treatment. This is necessary to prevent complications during the procedure or after it – during the healing period.
Sometimes even a more radical approach is necessary for dental cyst treatment. For example, when a stagnant cyst is diagnosed. In this case, the removal of the entire salivary gland in which the lesion is located is held.
Methods of dental cyst treatment
So, the dental cyst treatment varies depending on the severity of the disease and its stage. There are four main methods of professional treatment.
This dental cyst treatment is used in cases when the tumor is small, i.e. not more than 0.3 inch. Important thing for choosing this method is the teeth should not be sealed that prevent access to the cyst. Otherwise, effective treatment is not be possible.
Treatment is carried out by a dental therapist. He washes the tooth canal in a special way and disinfects it. Next, he gets rid of pus, if it is present.
Then the doctor applies special drugs that have a destructive effect on the cyst. After complete destruction, the emptied cavity is filled with dental cement mortar. The root canal is sealed, and the crown is closed.
This is the best method of dental cyst treatment, which does not entail serious consequences. In addition, it is quite simple. But, unfortunately, it is used only in case of small cysts.
The only drawback of this type of dental cyst treatment is relapses. Therefore, after the procedure, you should periodically visit a dentist for examination.
This surgical method of dental cyst treatment. This is an operation of removing (resection) part of the root (its damaged part) along with the cyst. As a rule, this is the root tip of the affected tooth.
This operation is carried out on the medium-sized tumor or in case of two diseased teeth. The advantage of this dental cyst removal is that the tooth itself remains in place.
This surgical method is carried out through an incision in the gum. Read more about apicoectomy (of cystectomy) here.
This method of treatment of tooth cysts can not be called gentle. Hemisection is an operation in which the root of the affected tooth is completely removed along with the damaged part of the crown that is adjacent to it.
This is the most radical method of dental cyst treatment in which the formed cyst is completely removed from the tooth. Therefore, it is used in cases where the tooth is damaged to such an extent that it is absolutely impossible to save.
Laser dental cyst removal
One of the most modern and effective methods is currently laser dental cyst removal.
This type of dental cyst treatment includes the following steps:
- the opening of the tooth and expansion of the channel;
- laser injection;
- disinfection or removal of inflammation.
This is a non-contact type of dental cyst removal. This means that the probability of infection in the cavity is practically excluded.
Another advantage of laser dental cyst removal is the fact that it does not cause pain. In this case, this method simultaneously provides disinfection and decontamination of the affected areas.
The choice of method for dental cyst treatment does not depend on the desire of the patient or the doctor. It is affected only by the size and type of the cyst.
If the treatment requires surgery, then after the operation it is necessary to follow certain rules of oral care. They are not complicated and are based on keeping hygiene at a high level.
Plus, the patient is prescribed antibiotics for the recovery period. This prevents new inflammation and recurrence of the cyst.
Proper and timely dental cyst treatment almost always leads to a complete recovery without serious consequences.