All the complications associated with ovarian cyst can be divided into two groups – acute and long-term.
The First is the acute complications that require emergency care. The second group (long-term complications) are those States that have long remain hidden and asymptomatic.
The most common acute complications include rupture of the cyst and berkrot ovarian cyst.
Ruptured ovarian cyst.
Rupture of ovarian cyst (apoplexy) is one of the most frequent complications. The essence of the disease is that the capsule of the cyst straining and pouring out the contents of the cyst into the abdominal cavity.
The Danger of this state is determined by two factors.
First, in that place where there was a burst cyst can be a blood vessel that leads to intra-abdominal bleeding. If the vessel is small, the bleeding stops easily by yourself. When damage to a vessel volume of lost blood can be quite large.
Secondly, the abdomen has a large number of nerve endings. Pouring the contents of the cyst or blood in contact with them cause pronounced pain reaction, up to the shock.
The Symptoms of rupture of ovarian cyst.
The Severity of symptoms of rupture of ovarian cyst depends on the amount of extravasated into the peritoneal cavity of the contents of the cyst (the size of the ovarian cyst) and from the amount of blood lost. The main manifestation of this complication is pain. Pain rupture of ovarian cyst appears abruptly, may radiate to the lower back, perineum, anus. It is often accompanied by nausea and vomiting. When large hemorrhage appears weak, dizzy, may be fainting.
What causes ruptured ovarian cyst.
Usually to the rupture of an ovarian cyst causes a sharp increase in intra-abdominal pressure. Sometimes it is through sexual contact during sports, fitness and dance, during exercise, constipation. Most rupture-prone functional cysts. This is due to the fact that the cyst has a thin capsule, which, moreover, has the property to resorption.
What to do?
When symptoms of rupture of ovarian cyst you’ll need to seek medical help (ambulance). Further therapeutic measures depend on the volume and velocity of blood lost (if it ever gets lost) and severity of symptoms.
In most cases, the manifestations of rupture of ovarian cyst conservatively manage to cope, with the help of hemostatic and anesthetic drugs. For surgery has to be resorted to only when a large blood loss and failure of medical treatment.
Torsion ovarian cyst.
To the development of torsion of the cyst leads anatomical feature of the ovary. The fact that the ovary is attached to the walls of the abdominal cavity sufficiently movable ligaments, which gives him a certain freedom of movement. When the cyst, the weight of the ovary increases and abrupt movements of the body it is twisting around its own ligaments. The danger of this condition is that jamming occurs blood vessels and interferes with the normal blood supply of the ovary.
The Further development of events depends on the degree of torsion and, respectively, completely blocked the blood flow to the ovary or not. Pronounced twisting of the cyst leads to complete cessation of the supply of the ovary and to his mortification.
Usually when full percreta encounter intense pain in the projection of ovarian cyst (right or left lower abdomen), which causes the patient to seek medical help. To hesitate in this situation it is impossible. Need as soon as possible to perform the operation and to keep the ovary. This will allow you to save important for every woman’s body. In advanced cases, when there was a necrosis of the tissues, the ovary must be removed completely.
Based on the causes of complications of ovarian cysts, all patients should strictly observe the regime. Try to avoid jerky movements and increased physical activity. And at the first symptoms of complications urgently seek qualified medical help.