Cystoma left ovary – a benign tumor arising from epithelial tissue. Sometimes the above abnormality occurs on the basis of previously formed cysts. New formation using anatomical leg is connected to the ovary.
Cystoma left ovary: etiology
Even today, scientists find it difficult to give an exact cause of ovarian cystoma, but found that the greatest predisposition to disease are women with hormonal dysfunction of the ovaries, the carriers of the herpes virus type II and HPV. It is worth noting that at risk are patients with chronic conditions (oophoritis, colpitis, endometritis), breast cancer, irregular menstrual cycles, ectopic pregnancy. The likelihood of developing disease increases several times in pre-menopausal and menopause.
Cystoma left ovary: signs
Small tumors are not accompanied by any pain or menstrual irregularities. Most of these tumors detected during scheduled pelvic exam. Huge cystoma left ovary can cause attacks of pain, a feeling of heaviness in the abdomen. Twist leg swelling is accompanied by sharp pains, hyperthermia, nausea, heart rhythm disorder. If abdominal trauma, gross gynecological examination, physical overexertion cystoma capsule can burst. Usually mucinous cystoma affects one ovary, serous – both of them. The majority of patients cystoma ovary has no symptoms, sometimes accompanied by pain in the abdomen. Complications cystoma ovary high probability of degeneration of a benign tumor into a malignant, so it can only be treated surgically. In addition, at sharp movements, physical loads cystoma often twisted leg, which can cause bleeding. In the case of injury or degeneration of the tumor of its walls are broken capsule cystoma, accompanied by severe pain, shock, fetal bleeding, loss of consciousness, and peritonitis.
Cystoma left ovary: treatment
Regardless of the form, location and size cystoma removed surgically. This is due to the fact that there is a high probability of regeneration of a benign tumor to a malignant. Excessive growth of the tumor may disrupt the pelvic organs. During the operation cystoma removed, specify their nature, exclude the presence of cancer-causing cells. The volume of transactions is determined by the size, the type tumors, the patient’s age, pregnancy planning. Patients of childbearing age in the absence of malignant cells cystectomy is performed, that is, produce removal of tumors while preserving ovarian tissue. Upon detection of serous and mucinous cysts are removed along with the affected organ. Upon detection of malignant ovarian cysts prescribed radiation, chemotherapy and hormonotherapy. It is worth noting that the pelvic examination and ultrasound – the basis of prevention of ovarian cystoma.
The cyst of the left ovary: treatment
Successful treatment of ovarian cysts can be carried out as medical and radical method. The choice of treatment due to the large number of factors: the type and size of the cyst, age and state of health of the patient. Drug treatment is usually prescribed for detection of follicular cysts. The treatment regimen of ovarian cysts include hormone therapy and anti-inflammatory. The patient is under the supervision of a doctor at least 3 menstrual cycles. During this period, the cyst should disappear if it does not, the operation is prescribed. Laparoscopy – the preferred method of surgical treatment of such diseases as cystic ovaries, it allows you to save the genitals.