Cyst of the maxillary sinus. Symptoms of sinus cysts

October 18, 2015


The cyst of the maxillary sinus – is a common problem. Such pathology can occur without any symptoms, but under certain conditions, becomes a cause of discomfort. Moreover, sometimes a cyst really dangerous. Today, many are interested in more information about this illness. Why there is a cyst? What are the treatments offers medicine? How dangerous can be surgery? Answers to these questions will be useful to many.

What is a cyst?

Of course, first and foremost is to understand that this is the same education. It’s no secret that the human skull has special pneumatic cavities, called paranasal sinuses. And maxillary sinuses (or maxillary) are the largest of them.

maxillary sinus cyst – a benign formation. It is a small pouch with a two-layer wall and the inner liquid content. Inner layer cystic wall contains special cells that produce mucous secretion. In fact, the cysts formed in connection with the occlusion gland producing mucus.

According to statistics, one in ten people on the planet has a similar tumor. But in most cases the cyst does not cause the patient any concern. Moreover, it is often found by chance, while when the doctor examines the nasal cavity and sinuses to the presence of any other disease.

The main causes of tumors

It is important to learn about why formed a cyst of the maxillary sinus. Treatment in most cases depends on this. As already mentioned, the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses is lined with mucous membrane, special cells that produce mucous secretion. Under the influence of these or other reasons, excretory ducts of the mucous glands can become clogged, causing the secret begins to accumulate in its cavity – so often and there is a cyst. But the reasons for the blockage may be very different:

  • The most common reason for becoming frequent inflammatory diseases of the nasal passages and sinuses – these can be rhinitis, sinusitis and sinusitis and other illnesses.
  • Some people have some anatomical features (eg, facial asymmetry), which makes them more prone to this type of disease.
  • In addition, the causes can be attributed to increased allergic background of the organism.
  • There is a hypothesis that the cause of the formation of cysts may be some changes or features of immune processes in the body, although this view has not been confirmed during the investigation.
  • We should also mention the odontogenic cyst, the formation of which is associated with disease of the maxillary teeth.

Classification: the main varieties of cysts

Today, people want to know what is a cyst of the maxillary sinus. Symptoms, treatment of the disease – all of this is also of interest to many. In addition, it is worth considering that such structures can be different. Today there are several systems of classification of such tumors.

For example, depending on the causes and some of the features of the structure is accepted to allocate following types of cysts:

  • True (Retention) cyst is formed as a result of blockage excretory ducts of the mucous glands. In this typical lined inside tumor cells of the mucosa, which continue to produce secret.
  • Misleading or pseudocyst is usually formed by prolonged exposure to the allergen. The reasons for its formation can be attributed to inflammatory processes in the roots of the maxillary teeth. This education has no mucosal cells. In addition, the cyst may have a different content – for example, the tumor may contain pus inside the mass, mucous secretion or serous fluid. The cyst may be formed on both the left and right sides, which also must be considered in the process of diagnosis.

What is accompanied by symptoms of illness?

It should be noted that in most cases this disease occurs without any symptoms. The cyst does not interfere with breathing and does not cause pain, and does not affect the quality of life of the sick person – often otolaryngologist finds it quite by accident during a diagnosis of sinusitis or some other diseases.

On the other hand, the rapid growth of inflammation or tumors may cause the characteristic signs. So what are the symptoms of the cyst of the maxillary sinus? Often one of the first signs of pathology is pain that occurs over the place of localization of the cyst, but can also give to the eye socket, or whiskey.

In addition, many patients complain of constant nasal congestion and difficulty breathing. If the patient has a cyst of the left maxillary sinus, then, accordingly, congestion will be felt more than it is on the left side. In some cases, one can observe a scant purulent origin.

The symptoms include cysts and severe headaches. The soreness is usually characterized by a clear frontal localization.

How dangerous this pathology?

Immediately it is worth noting that at the time therapy started the likelihood of complications is minimized. However sinus cyst can lead to very unpleasant consequences. In particular, one of the most common complications is the inflammation and suppuration it is accompanied by pain, fever, purulent discharge, and so on. D.

There are also cases where the continued growth of such tumors leads to increased pressure on the bones and certain organs of the head. The bone under the constant influence may be deformed. Moreover, in some cases, whether cyst compresses those other parts of the visual analyzer, which leads to diplodii and several other disorders. In such an extreme state of neglect disease may lead to rejection or necrosis of the bone. That is why in any case, do not leave without attention to this pathology.

Modern methods of diagnosis

Today, there are quite a few important methods of diagnosis such disease. Only a doctor can make a diagnosis “cyst sinus”, so if you have any worrisome symptoms should immediately contact a specialist.

The first patient sent for X-rays, as it is the fastest and most affordable method of diagnosis. Pictures in two projections help to detect the presence of tumors, to establish their exact location and size.

More accurate results can be obtained using magnetic resonance and computed tomography. In addition, the physician can perform endoscopy sinus, a cavity in which you can carefully inspect the inside using special equipment with an optical fiber. That is determined by the cyst of the maxillary sinus. Endoscopic surgery, by the way, includes a biopsy – a detached structure is sent to a laboratory, where they are used for cytological, biochemical and microbiological studies.

Cyst of the maxillary sinus: conservative treatment means

Immediately it is worth noting that the choice of treatment – is the task of the treating physician. Only a specialist can decide what to do next after inspect the maxillary sinuses. Treatment with medication is not performed. The tablets, nasal drops, solutions for washing – often all the medicines simply useless.

If the presence of cysts does not affect the patient’s condition, and during the examination showed no inflammation, the specific treatment may not be needed at all – patients recommended only dynamic monitoring, which will give the doctor the opportunity in time to see the pathological changes of tumors.

Often, treatment depends on the cause. For example, to eliminate the inflammation and pain that occurred against the backdrop of odontogenic cysts is sufficient to correct the patient’s dental treatment – symptoms then disappear by themselves.

In some cases, the doctor performs a puncture or sinus tumors, which may also have an effect, as the tissue fails to release pus. Nevertheless cyst shell remains, and therefore a high probability of recurrence in the future. In some cases, removal of the cyst of the maxillary sinus is the only effective method of treatment. The decision to conduct the operation takes a physician.

Remove the cysts of the maxillary sinus when it is needed?

Today, there are some basic techniques of surgical procedures. Only a doctor decides how it will remove a cyst in the maxillary sinus. The operation, to be exact, the method of its implementation, depends on the individual patient and variety of cysts and the availability of the necessary equipment in the clinic.

Quite often held so-called Caldwell-Luc operation. This procedure is most often performed under general anesthesia, although local anesthesia is also possible. First, the doctor makes an incision under the upper lip, and then opens the front wall of the sinus. With the help of special surgical instruments specialist removes a cyst through opened.

Unfortunately, this technique has several disadvantages. The fact that the hole after the operation not overgrown bone and scar tissue, which leads to some effect. In particular, patients after this procedure often suffer from rhinitis and sinusitis permanent.

A more effective and less dangerous is the endoscopic removal of cysts of the maxillary sinus. If this procedure does not require any incisions – the doctor inserts all instruments directly through the nasal passages. In addition, the endoscope is equipped with an optical fiber that allows the doctor to monitor the process clearly and perform the desired action.

Endoscopic removal of a number of important advantages. For a start it is worth noting that after the surgery leaves no scars or cuts. The procedure does not require prolonged hospitalization – the patient is usually discharged after only 1-2 days. The risk of complications is minimized. In addition, this method virtually no contraindications.

Another treatment requires odontogenic cyst. In such instances, removal of cysts is carried out through the incision under the upper lip. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia.

If the inflammation caused by bacterial activity of microorganisms before and after surgery, the patient is being treated with antibiotics (choice of drug depends on the nature and characteristics of the pathogen). Antibiotic therapy anyway necessary after surgery to eliminate the risk of complications.

Is it possible to treatment with traditional medicine?

Of course, traditional medicine offers many unconventional therapies for this disease. But once it is worth noting that in any case can not start like self-medication without first consulting your doctor, as this can only aggravate the situation. So what tools are considered the most effective?

For example, it is considered sufficiently effective drops that you can cook at home. It is necessary to mix a tablespoon of water, a teaspoon of glycerin and two grams of mummies. It is necessary to dig three drops in each nostril. The procedure is repeated twice a day.

Another effective remedy is considered Juice golden mustache, which also need to dig twice a day for three drops. It is possible to try and juice obtained from tuber forest cyclamen (preliminary it should be diluted with water in a ratio of 1 to 4). Bury nose preferably in the morning (no more than two drops). The course of treatment lasts about a week.

These home remedies help to relieve the inflammation, and also considered an excellent prevention of sinusitis. But we must understand that the drops will not help get rid of the cyst – here you need surgery.

It is necessary to remember, and one more important point. Inhalations with essential oils, wash nose, sinuses warming can only aggravate the situation. And the use of plant extracts in the presence of increased sensitivity can trigger an intense allergic reaction. Therefore, you should not self-medicate without doctor’s permission.

Are there effective methods of prevention?

Unfortunately, to date there are no tools that can protect a person from ever occurrence of the disease. Therefore, doctors recommend that you avoid exposure to the most common risk factors. In particular, all sinusitis, rhinitis, sinusitis, and other diseases of the nose should just give in to full treatment. Some experts attributed the formation of cysts with allergic reactions, so their appearance and should be avoided (in time to take antihistamine medications are not in contact with the allergen).

In any case, such a disease in the early detection and treatment does not represent much of a threat – need only to ask for help and to carefully follow your doctor’s instructions.

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