What is the corpus luteum. What are the functions it performs

November 11, 2015

What is the corpus luteum. What are the functions it performs

With the onset of pregnancy in a woman’s body start to happen various biochemical processes necessary for the conservation and development of the fetus. Today we offer to learn about the mechanism to perform a major role in this process – of the corpus luteum.

The corpus luteum – what is it?

This substance is a temporary endocrine gland located in a woman’s ovaries. The corpus luteum is transformed from the issuing egg follicle, and its main task is the production of hormones (especially progesterone), responsible for the development of the pregnancy. The name of iron obtained by color fluid contained therein. This formation is formed whenever ovulation in women, and in that case, if conception occurs, to the end of the cycle it dies and dies. In the case of pregnancy, the corpus luteum is responsible for its development during the first trimester. After that the function of progesterone is completely taken over by the placenta. Sometimes ovulation occurs simultaneously in two ovaries, thereby forming a body and two yellow. If it happens the fertilization of both cells, the light will be born twins. By the way, while the corpus luteum may be one, as twins may be either identical or fraternal.

The corpus luteum in the ovary during pregnancy

The presence of the corpus luteum in the ovary can be viewed as a further indication that the occurrence of pregnancy. But only in conjunction with other symptoms. The thing is that in the US diagnosed luteum cyst can occur in the ovary, and regardless of a woman’s pregnancy.

The lack of yellow body

One of the serious complications that threaten termination of pregnancy, hypothyroidism, or a failure of the corpus luteum. The signs of this state are bleeding of varying intensity, spotting the appearance, tone and detachment of the ovum, which can be detected by ultrasound. When failure of the corpus luteum of pregnant woman appointed correcting drug therapy based on the administration of drugs containing progesterone. If it was carried out on time and in the absence of other factors that threaten the development of the fetus, pregnancy will develop normally.


Unfortunately, not all pregnancies proceed smoothly. Often, there are various pathologies. For example, if an ectopic pregnancy corpus luteum produces a low level of hormones, so that doctors can diagnose the dangerous due time for a woman to state. Suffice it twice to make the analysis on HCG, which will track the dynamics of its growth. In the case of pregnancy fading yellow body completely stops producing hormones that can be found in repeated studies of blood. To confirm the diagnosis carried ultrasound, in which you can identify, whether to continue to develop the embryo.

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