What is the corpus luteum cyst?

November 6, 2015

What is the corpus luteum cyst?

Corpus luteum cyst – a fairly common disease of the ovaries, which are often encountered in medical practice. Quite often, the disease is asymptomatic and does not present any particular risk to the health of women. Nevertheless, in some cases, treatment is necessary.

Corpus luteum cyst: the reasons for its formation

When ovulation occurs and the egg is released from the follicle in its place formed a yellow body – sort of a temporary iron. This education secretes hormones that prepare the uterus for implantation of the embryo, and inhibit the development of the next egg. If fertilization has occurred, the yellow body loses its function after a few weeks. However, sometimes it is formed of the cyst with a liquid content. In fact, it causes the formation to the end unknown. I found out just what a great importance here are hormonal changes. The risk also increases when taking hormonal drugs, including some contraceptives. In addition, it is proved that the corpus luteum cyst is much more likely to develop in women who are prone to inflammatory diseases of the reproductive system. Some studies have also shown the negative impact on hard monodiets during the menstrual cycle. Here are some of the reasons on which the image of the corpus luteum cyst.


In fact, most of the cyst does not affect the well-being of women and causes no outward signs. However, when the intensive growth of the tumors may cause the following symptoms:

  • If the cyst increases, it starts to press not only at the wall of the ovary, but also to other pelvic organs, including the bladder. That is why many patients complain of abdominal pain, bloated feeling, as well as frequent urination.
  • Almost any physical activity can strengthen the discomfort. The pain appears after athletic training, physical labor, and sexual intercourse.
  • corpus luteum cyst can also affect the menstrual cycle – for an illness characterized by prolonged periods or prolonged absence.
  • Neoplasm large may burst and its contents spread to all the neighboring organs. Cyst rupture is accompanied by more intense symptoms, including severe pain, bleeding, fever, vomiting.


In fact, treatment depends on the stage of the disease, and the rate of growth of cysts. If the tumor is small, the women are advised to undergo regular gynecological examination and ultrasound. Sometimes, after 2-3 months of the corpus luteum cyst disappears on its own. In more severe cases require special treatment – patients were prescribed hormonal drugs which are gradually normalize the function of the ovaries and lead to a slow destruction of the cyst. Sometimes the only possible way out is the surgical removal of the cyst. When you break such education there is a risk of complications, so doctors usually conduct a complete excision of the ovary.

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