What is an ovarian cyst, as it is formed and what is harmful. Causes, symptoms. How to treat ovarian cysts?

October 5, 2015


Women lifelong faced with a variety of pathological processes, uncharacteristic for the stronger sex. Thus, there is often a problem in the reproductive organs. This article will tell you what an ovarian cyst, as it is formed and what is harmful. You can also find out the main reasons for such entities. Symptoms and treatment methods will be presented to your attention.

Ovarian cyst: What is it?

Often referred to as a cyst formation in the ovaries, which has clear contours and specific content. In most cases, these bubbles have benign origins.

However, cancer cells can also hit the reproductive organs of women. Ovarian cyst – what is it? It was with a similar question patients often turn to the gynecologist. The Medic can not clearly answer it without prior examination. For the diagnosis of tumors using techniques such as pelvic examination, ultrasound, blood test. For more accurate results provides laparoscopic diagnosis.

Types of ovarian cysts

What is an ovarian cyst, you already know. It is worth noting that all the tumors can have an individual character. All these tumors are divided into functional and non-functional. In the first case, doctors almost never take any action to treatment. What is an ovarian cyst, which is not functioning? Such tumors require a certain correction. All tumors appearing on the reproductive organs, can be divided into the following types:

  • corpus luteum cyst;
  • follicular education;
  • endemetrioidnaya ovarian cyst (what it is, will be described below);
  • dermoid education;
  • cystadenoma and carcinoma;
  • hemorrhagic tumor;
  • mucinous and serous cyst.

A tumor can be benign or malignant. Know what ovarian cyst is small. If you are faced with such a new formation, it is necessary as soon as possible to know about his form. Only in this case it increases the chances of a favorable outcome.

How to form cysts in the ovary?

What is an ovarian cyst, you have already found out. How there is such a tumor? In fact, the preconditions for the formation of the bubble may not be at all. Thus, for example, the causes of functional cysts is still not fully understood. Tumor may appear both on the upper wall and in the center of the ovary. The most commonly affected organ to the right.

If to speak about a cyst as a dermoid, it comes at a time when the girl is in the womb. However, in this period, the formation of a microscopic size. With the onset of reproductive age, and as they mature tumor grows and makes itself felt.

endometrial cysts of the ovary (what it is and how to treat, will be described below) occurs due to hormonal imbalance. This is most common in women between 20 and 40 years. Malignant tumor is, on the contrary, often formed after 40 years. However, this does not mean that young girls are safe from the occurrence of such diseases. Some cysts are formed quickly and grow rapidly. Others may be kept in the same size over the years, the woman without causing discomfort. Remember that the absence of symptoms is not a guarantee that you are all well. The cyst may not manifest itself in any way, but one cause serious complications.

The reasons for the appearance of tumors in the pelvic organs

So, did you meet with the term “cyst of the right ovary” (which it is). The reasons for its occurrence can be the following:

  • violation of the pituitary and adrenal glands;
  • Incorrect production of hormones;
  • the bad habits of a woman;
  • frequent abortions and intervention into the uterus;
  • promiscuity;
  • long-term hormonal treatment;
  • genital infections and inflammation, as well as many others.

Similar to the causes of tumor and left ovary.

ovarian cyst Symptoms

What is it and how to exhibit such tumor? It all depends on what is the nature of the tumor. Such cysts on the ovaries, as a follicular or corpus luteum, often do not cause any discomfort to her mistress. Their existence patient learns only at the next routine inspection. What are ovarian cysts in women you know. And whether it is possible to independently determine the presence of tumors at this? The most common symptoms include the following manifestations of disease:

  • a long period of infertility;
  • missed period;
  • prolonged and heavy periods;
  • irregular cycle;
  • pain during sexual intercourse;
  • false urge to defecate and urinate;
  • an increase in the lower abdomen;
  • nagging pains in the abdomen and lower back, as well as some others.

If you find yourself at least one of the above symptoms should consult a gynecologist. Only a doctor can correctly determine the status, position and shape of tumors. Also, the physician will decide if you need a correction. Consider the main types of cysts, and learn how they should be treated.

Follicular bubble

Follicular left ovarian cyst – what is it? This education is a bubble, which is the egg. Each month, the body of a woman matures more follicles. Immediately after the end of menstruation, a determination of the dominant education. That it should be a few days to release the female gamete, ready to fertilize. If for some reason this does not happen, then the resulting bubble continues to grow in size. During this period he has a diameter of two to five centimeters. If the doctor will perform ultrasound, it is easy to determine that the patient has formed a left ovarian cyst (what it is described above).

This pathology in most cases do not require any treatment. Doctors give the patient a few weeks to wait. Often, in this period the follicle dissolves independently. If not, then a woman prescribed hormonal drugs. These include “Djufaston”, “Progesterone,” “Utrozhestan” and others. They allow you to restore menstrual function and contribute to the regression of the tumor process.

of the corpus luteum cyst

A functional ovarian cyst of the right – what is it? This education is often also called the corpus luteum cyst. All due to the fact that it consists precisely thereof. Can such a cyst in the second phase of the menstrual cycle. It often occurs during pregnancy. After ovulation, the ovary of a woman in a so-called corpus luteum. It maintains a sufficient level of progesterone and promotes the development of pregnancy in case of attack. Normally, the size of the corpus luteum does not exceed two centimeters. If the diameter of the formation of a few more, experts are already talking about the cyst.

The treatment of this tumor is not required. Only in some cases patient appointed oral contraceptives course for 3-6 months. To those drugs include “Janine”, “Logest”, “Novinet”, “Three regolith” and many others. These compositions are adjusted cycle and promote relaxation of the ovaries. It is worth noting that patients planning pregnancy, such means are not suitable for correction.

Endometriod tumor

Endometrial cysts right ovary – what is it? This education is a benign tumor. It develops in women with endometriosis. This disease is recognized as hormone-dependent. Often it develops at an increased allocation of estrogen. There are several stages in the development of endometriosis. Each of these is characterized by proliferation of endometrial mucosa outside the uterus. The more struck abdominal cavity and organs, the greater the degree of illness. So, endometrioid cyst had formed in the 3-4 stage of the pathological process. Inside it contains brown blood-streaked mucus. Many women with a cyst for a long time can not conceive.

The treatment in this case must be carried at all times. It consists in the surgical correction. To do this, select laparotomy or laparoscopic method. It is also recommended after the intervention of a woman to undergo reconstructive and conservative therapy to prevent relapse of disease.

Dermoid cyst of the right ovary – what is it?

Such education is considered innate. It says that a woman is born with the beginnings of cancer. However, before the onset of menstruation disease does not manifest itself. When the ovaries start to function, she noted the signs of a dermoid cyst of the ovary. Such a tumor is formed very mysteriously. In its cavity it contains hair, mucous membranes, skin, teeth, and cartilage. Doctors say that the reason for this becomes some sort of a genetic glitch. Thus, the fabric appear where they should not be.

Treatment for dermoid cyst is always surgical. No hormonal drugs and traditional medicines can not do so, that education has resolved independently. During the operation, the surgeon removes the abnormal tissue, trying to preserve the ovary. Recurrence after intervention never occurs. If at this place, a new cyst, it will have a different nature and cause of the.

Hemorrhagic tumor

Hemorrhagic cyst of the right ovary – what is it and how to treat? This subspecies of the tumor some time ago did not stand alone. Hemorrhagic cyst – a conventional bleeding into the cavity of any tumors. So, while it could be a function of tumor formation or other nature. Hemorrhagic view it acquires when the bubble wall pererastyagivayutsya and toil. Thus there is a rupture of the blood into the cyst.

The treatment of such education is chosen on the basis of the gravity of the situation. Often, doctors are trying to cope without surgery. At the same patient on the lower part of the peritoneum is applied cold and prescribed bed rest. Also prescribe anti-inflammatory and antibacterial therapy. If the gravity of the situation does not allow to proceed in this manner, the surgical treatment, during which removes abnormal shell within the healthy tissue.

Mucinous and serous tumor

Less than the above occurs serous and mucinous ovarian cyst. What it is? Mucinous and serous cysts are composed of liquid mucous content. Sometimes the tumor can be presented irregular contours. This often causes difficulties in diagnosis.

Treatment of these cysts often random. If they do not deliver the woman uncomfortable and pose no danger, doctors may recommend a wait and see attitude.

Malignant tumor

Carcinoma (ovarian cysts) – what is it? Carcinoma is one of the most dangerous types of cysts. It is usually produced in women during menopause or age climate. Thus, during this period most cases registered for cancer.

To begin to treat carcinoma should be as soon as possible. Correction is selected exclusively surgical. During manipulation of the doctor removes the malignant cells. Sometimes it may require amputation of the entire ovary completely. After the treatment the woman is required to prescribe a course of chemotherapy and radiation exposure.

Traditional methods of treating diseases

Many women prefer to self-treat ovarian cysts. To do this, they will learn a variety of recipes that once were able to help their girlfriends, mothers or grandmothers. It is worth mentioning that such intervention may entail negative consequences.

So, for the treatment of ovarian cysts the fairer sex spend douching diverse compositions. To those include herbal (chamomile, succession, St. John’s wort, and so on). Also, many women believe that they get rid of the tumor to help swabs soaked with honey and glycerin. Such substances can cause allergic reactions and do not give any positive results.

Among the folk remedies can be distinguished cooking liquors. For this purpose, herbs and roots and flowers of plants common in medicine. Women often treat ovarian cysts heat. To do this, they put a heating pad several times a day to the affected side of the abdomen. It is worth noting that to do so is strictly prohibited. Heat can only provoke strengthening of blood supply to the tumor. Also, when the inflammatory process the woman’s condition may deteriorate greatly.

After treatment cysts

If you have been the correction, where the surgery was used, it is for one month to comply with certain recommendations. Often, doctors prescribe rehabilitation therapy. Women Do not lift heavy and sports. Also it is necessary to limit the time of sex.

Always worth for some time to use contraception. The duration of such measures depends on the nature of the tumor and the treatment.

Once the treatment of ovarian cysts need to visit a gynecologist and undergo preventive examinations. Be sure to do ultrasound, which will allow time to identify recurrence of the pathological process. After the treatment of carcinoma of the body must be full inspection and supervision at the oncologist.

The harmful ovarian cyst?

What is ovarian cyst and how to treat it, you know. What kind of danger may be a tumor? Should I worry at finding tumors?

If to speak about functional cysts (follicular and luteal), then for the most part they do not represent any danger to the woman. However, too large can lead to bubble formation in the transition hemorrhagic form. The rest of the tumor enough to cause great harm to the female body.

  • The cyst may become twisted. This clamped vessels feeding her, and she begins to experience severe pain.
  • Ovarian cyst can rupture. During this complication burst vessels and there is a strong bleeding. In some cases, prolonged inactivity comes death.
  • The tumor often brings a woman very uncomfortable. Most patients complain of constipation, and frequent urination.
  • ovarian cyst often leads to infertility. This fertility returns after treatment.
  • This tumor as endometrioma, is often the cause of adhesions in the pelvis. This pathology, in turn, leads to severe pain, infertility, a cycle and so on.
  • Carcinoma – a cyst, which is not just harmful. It is very dangerous for the female body. If you do not carry out timely correction and surgical treatment, the cancer cells spread to the lymph and blood. As a result, the woman may just die of this insidious disease.

In some cases, a cyst on the ovary grow from a benign to a malignant tumor. It happens rarely, but doctors warn women against this outcome and call promptly treat the pathology.


Do you now know more about ovarian cysts. You figured out what it is, which is manifestation. It is also able to meet with symptomatic tumors and learned about how to treat them. If you suspect that you have ovarian cysts, you should as soon as possible to see a doctor. Only a doctor can conduct a detailed diagnosis and find out what the character is a pathology. Keep in mind that some types of tumors is urgent and requires immediate correction. Never self-medicate. In most cases, it leads to development of adverse effects. Use the services of gynecologists, obstetricians and surgeons. Cheers!

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