The corpus luteum on ultrasound – what does it mean? 5 reasons not to worry.

April 15, 2019

A woman’s body has a very interesting structure and functions. In a woman body of reproductive age there are changes that take place every month. The newest tools for the diagnosis helps to monitor this or that process in particular ultrasound apparatus. This technique allows experts to learn more about the state of the reproductive organs. This article tells what to do if the ultrasound have shown a yellow body. What kind of formation is it there is described below.

The medic has saw the corpus luteum at the ultrasound procedure- what does it mean? The answer to this question you will get after reading the article.

Very often women find out an unknown named bubble. Most of them are frightened with it. However, this is not entirely justifiable. What is the corpus luteum? Before you go to diagnose it, whether it is find out at the body, there are some things and facts about it, that you should know.

What is the corpus luteum?

Each month, a healthy woman has menstruation. Immediately after the end of it, one of the follicles is determined as the dominant one. It will rapidly increase in size the next days. When the time comes and the luteinizing hormone begins to produce, follicle rupture and release the ovum from its walls. This gamete fully ready for fertilization, which can take place.

At the site of rupture of the follicle forms a new cluster. This formation is known as the “yellow body”. The corpus luteum is necessary for the production of progesterone. Also, in small quantities it secretes estradiol and androgens. All of these hormones are required for the normal progression of the pregnancy and the menstrual cycle.

Found a yellow body in the ovary on ultrasound: should I be concerned?

ultrasound ovarian cyst ovarian

What is this formation? Should I worry about its presence? Many women immediately go to the gynecologist and require them to prescribe treatment when they allow body has been found out. Detected on ultrasound corpus luteum cyst compounding the situation.

Doctors say that the worry in such a case it is not necessary. Nothing wrong with the appearance of such an formation there. Even if the ultrasound diagnosed the corpus luteum cyst, it is functional. In most cases, it undergoes itself for several months. Try to understand what it means – ask the doctor if it was found out on ultrasound.

Fact one: the woman is of reproductive age

If an expert says that he sees the corpus luteum on ultrasound, it can be considered as the fact that the patient is fertility. Most women ask the question: “What does it mean?”. Actually it’s pretty simple.

Fertility is the possibility of a woman or a man to conceive. Even if it didn’t occur in this ovulation cycle, but the ovary has a yellow body, remaining from the previous month, it can be treated as a fertility of a woman. But of course, surely statement that it worths noting more than a fertility can be made only with considering the appropriate state of other data (state of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and so forth).

Fact two: just before ovulation

The corpus luteum on ultrasound can appear after ovulation. So, if the experts say about the presence of this formation, it is likely a few days ago there was a rupture of the follicle.

Once a month a woman is ovulating. During this process, ovule leavs the follicle, which make fertilization possible. If this happens during sexual intercourse without using contraception, the representative a woman may soon find out she is pregnant. The corpus luteum is never formed in anovulatory cycles. That is why his presence in the indicate of a recent dominant follicle rapture.

Fact Three: pregnancy and corpus luteum

corpus luteum on ultrasound while pregnancy

At pregnancy the corpus luteum can be seen on ultrasound  during about 12 weeks. As you know, this formation produce a very important hormone – progesterone. It supports the normal state of the uterus and promotes the development of pregnancy.

If during the trial specialist finds a yellow body, then it is likely pregnancy. It is worth noting that most of the women in the family way found a cyst. This is the same glandular formation, but larger. There is a suggesting that it becomes so because of the necessity to allocate larger portions of progesterone.

Fact four: a woman’s normal menstrual cycle

Sometimes it happens that this time a woman has very short menstruation. Thus, the normal cycle must not lasts longer than two weeks. When this time is shortened, the doctors are talking about progesterone deficiency. Often women can not get pregnant for a very long time and have some health problems. All due to the fact that ovulation is not generated even after the desired amount of progesterone.

But if the yellow body has been found during ultrasound diagnosis, then most likely there is no progesterone deficiency. Such patients have their hormones debugged and their ovaries are functioning correctly.

Fact five: it is the second phase of the menstrual cycle

What else can the presence of the corpus luteum in the ultrasound mean? This indicates that now is the second phase of the menstrual cycle, and will soon come menstruation.

The yellow body normally appears between 10 and 14 days. During this period it secretes progesterone and supports the uterine tone. With the end of this time, the formation of glandular undergoes a reverse development. In its place formes a small scar.

What does the corpus luteum cyst, which was discovered during ultrasound?

Cyst is considered to be a formation, which is a little bigger than the size of a normal proportions. Thus, an enlarged corpus luteum it is when the diameter is more than three centimeters.

Corpus luteum cyst can stay in the ovary for a few cycles. If it does not disappear after two months, the patient may need a correction. In most cases, physicians prescribe oral contraceptives for three or six months. This treatment helps to relax the ovaries. As a result, ovulation stops for those months, and the cyst dies. To confirm the improvement it is necessary to repeat the ultrasound and visit a gynecologist.

Complications identified during diagnostic ultrasound


The corpus luteum cyst may take a form of hemorrhagic in some cases. This suggests that there was bleeding in the glandular cavity. Such complication detected during ultrasound requires immediate treatment. Often, it is conducted in a hospital, and requires the following appointments.

corpus luteum on ultrasound

The patient was prescribed bed rest and emotional peace. Also a cold compress is applied on the abdomen. In addition a woman is recommended to take hemostatic drugs and sedatives. During the correction a diagnosis is required to be made  in order to note the presence of improvements.


So, you know that the corpus luteum can be observed by ultrasound. In some cases, doctors are wrong and accept the formation of glandular structure that occurs after ovulation as the abnormal . Average corpus luteum does not cause discomfort. It appears after each ovulation and just disappears. If a specialist diagnosed the corpus luteum cyst, then it suggests that the study needed to be repeated after menstruation.

Stay healthy!

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