In recent years, more and more women are confronted with the diagnosis of ovarian cyst. What to do in this case? How to cure a disease? Maybe you have set yourself this frightening diagnosis? Let’s look at this issue in more detail and understand how ovarian cyst rupture.
Ovarian cyst in women are so-called growths that have clear walls and liquid contents inside the cystic formations. The boundaries of form and content vary depending on the type of tumor. In medicine, there are several types of cysts. They all differ from each other and are divided into two categories:
- functional education;
- non-functional tumors.
Why ovarian cyst rupture occurs?
Damage to the walls of tumors on the ovary is called an ovarian cyst rupture. Damage may occur due to excessive overvoltage during exercise. Also, the reason for the damage to the cyst may be too active sexual intercourse. Injuries to the genitals or lower abdomen can also cause an ovarian cyst rupture.
What are the symptoms of ovarian cyst rupture?
Not to notice a rupture of an ovarian cyst is quite difficult because a woman usually feels pain during tissue damage. It is said that each brush to break its walls can cause different symptoms.
For example, the rupture of follicular cysts is accompanied by aching pains in the lower abdomen, which concentrate mainly on one side of the abdomen, and can press on the rectum. In addition to these symptoms, a woman may complain of a headache and a slight fever.
If the walls of the corpus luteum are damaged, several symptoms are observed: growing pains in the lower abdomen, spreading even at rest. The patient suffers from nausea or vomiting, which does not bring relief. Pain is especially pronounced during sexual intercourse.
The danger of penetration of fluid from the cyst into the abdominal cavity
When non-functional structures fail, their contents pour into the abdominal cavity, which in itself is very dangerous and causes unbearable pains for the woman. It can also raise body temperature to 38 degrees and higher. The patient may feel dizzy up to loss of consciousness.
With strong internal bleeding, blood pressure decreases. In the center of the abdominal cavity, around the navel and the bottom of the peritoneum, you can see the bluish line shade. You can see the accumulated blood through the skin.
Diagnosis of ovarian cyst rupture
Symptoms of ovarian cyst rupture can be quite blurred. Often they can be confused with colic, appendicitis, and even an acute attack of glaucoma.
First of all, the doctor should examine the patient in the gynecological chair and note the size of the genital organs. In addition, an appointment with a gynecologist can be prescribed for an examination using an ultrasound probe, on the screen of which the doctor will determine the size of the ovarian cyst, its location and check the integrity of its walls.
If you find damage to the structure of the cystic formation, there is a suspicion of rupture. The expert can also detect fluid in the space behind the uterus. In this case, a puncture may be assigned for further diagnosis. It is performed on a regular chair without the use of anesthesia. A sharp needle is inserted into the patient through the back wall of the vagina, which takes the contents of the abdominal cavity.
In the event that the suspicions are confirmed, the patient will be shown an immediate medical correction.
It should be noted that treatment depends on the severity of symptoms and the type of lesion that is damaged. After a thorough examination and diagnosis, the doctor determines the method of correction:
- conservative treatment methods;
This type of correction is used when the symptoms of ovarian cyst rupture are not very pronounced. This usually occurs when the damage to functional entities, in particular, follicular cysts.
The patient will be assigned bed rest and a cold compress to the lower abdomen.
It is also possible to use anti-inflammatory therapy. Acceptance of painkillers in this case is not recommended, as the pain may increase, the pathology requires surgical intervention, and the patient does not feel that a complication has occurred. It is also possible the appointment of a woman receiving a course of oral contraceptives for the correction of the level of sex or hormones.
Conservative treatment of ovarian cyst rupture should be carried out strictly within the walls of the hospital. There, every minute doctors will monitor the situation of women and carry out appropriate tests. With positive dynamics, the patient can be discharged within a few days.
If a woman is diagnosed with a non-functional ovarian cyst, then the operation is inevitable. What to say when there was a rupture of ovarian cysts. In case of damage to the walls and outpouring the contents of the cyst, an operation should be performed immediately.
There are two types of surgery:
The choice of treatment depends on the capabilities of the medical institution, the equipment available and the severity of the disease.