Retention cysts: causes, symptoms, treatment

November 4, 2015


In the body of the woman ovaries perform a very important function – to produce the egg during fertilization that give life to the new body. Each month, the follicle in the ovary is formed, containing the egg. Once it bursts, the cell goes into the fallopian tubes in search of the sperm, and the follicle is transformed into the corpus luteum, which in the case of pregnancy turns into a scar disappears.

If fertilization has not occurred and the corpus luteum has not disappeared, we can safely say that it is developing retention cyst.

Cyst Retention: What is it?

Brush called bag filled with luteal fluid mixed with blood, sometimes pus. Retention cysts develop on the ovaries, usually of childbearing age. Despite the fact that the disease is benign, it can lead to severe complications and even sterility. Depending on the cause and place of retention cyst formation is divided into several types.

  1. A functional ovarian cyst. It occurs at the beginning of puberty in mind hormonal imbalance. In turn, it is divided into follicular cysts (follicles growing and pasty filled with fluid) and corpus luteum cyst (the appearance of bleeding on the surface of tumors of the corpus luteum). With proper and timely treatment, they almost always disappear over time.
  2. Endometriod ovarian cyst. Characterized in that the inner surface of the uterus grows outside. This type of cyst can be treated only operatively.

Retention cysts of the ovary: Causes

According to medical statistics, the most common retention formation of the right ovary. Its appearance depends on the failure of the proper functioning of the entire ovary, which can be caused by both internal and external factors. Despite this, the main reason for the retention of tumors are hormone imbalance in the body, untimely rupture of the follicle, infectious and inflammatory diseases of the uterus, the hereditary factor, and so on. D.

Retention cysts: Symptoms

Bright symptoms inherent in this disease is not found. It may be noted only abdominal pain, wearing a different character, the menstrual cycle, enlargement of the abdomen due to the strong growth of the cyst, and so on. D. In the event of complications such as torsion legs cyst or of the ovary, bleeding into the abdominal cavity, there are signs ” acute abdomen “, that requires immediate surgical intervention.

Retention cysts: treatment

Often, retention cysts go away, so you must watch them for several menstrual cycles. Follicular cysts and corpus luteum cyst can be treated by hormone therapy. In that case, if the neoplasm is exhausted or hemorrhage occurred, surgical intervention is necessary. After the operation, we are sure to recommend histological examination to determine the nature of the cyst (benign or malignant).

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