A brain cyst is a very common problem of our time. Fortunately, it is rarely do much harm to the health and lives. And in most cases cyst can resolve on their own. But not always. That is why it is important to learn about cysts in order to attend the doctor in time. He will discover and observe the patient, find out whether there is a cyst. And prevent health deterioration of the patient. The main thing – to find a good doctor and have no fears.
Medicine defines a brain cyst as a formation or a benign tumor appeared in the head. It has sphere form and usually filled with liquid. A brain cyst unlike malignant tumour, it is not formed from the tissue of the affected organ. Thus, a brain cyst is a formation, which arose in some parts of a brain. Treatment and prognosis depend on its type. It is also determined by its location and the tissue from which it is made.
This type is one of the most common and relatively safe. Usually, this kind of cysts occur in the head of teenagers and children. And there is a tendency that girls have them more often. With its small size, treatment is not required – just watching. Surgery in order to remove it is supposed only in case of growth.
This kind is found in about half of all children. If paramedics have found out a newborn has a brain cyst, in 90% of cases the woman who gave the birth is used to fumed. This neoplasm rarely has an instant effect. Only after the growth and, as a rule, in adult age it makes a serious threat. When the cyst enlarges it can blocks the flow of intracranial fluid and causes hydrocephalus. And this in its turn leads to different consequences. Which vary from at least a hernia to at worst sudden death. It is also can be a subject to surge removed.
Dermoid or epidermal cyst
A dermoid brain cyst is a tumor-like formation of the dermis, sebaceous glands and epidermis. It may be either small or reach rather big sizes of walnut. Such brain cyst is removed surgically as a rule.
The pineal cyst
This type is the most rare: it occurs in 4% of the population. As a rule, there is such a cyst in the head of an adult. And it can be detected only with the brain tomography. The reasons of its formation are unknown. The patient, who has this cyst should be screened regularly and monitor the dynamics of its growth.
Of course, the earlier a problem is detected, the easier it is to cure. That is why it is so important to know the symptoms which indicate its presence. Unfortunately, a brain cyst may go unnoticed for a long time. It can grow up imperceptibly until causes unpleasant sensations and phenomena. Among them are the following:
- The disequilibrium.
- Partial paralysis.
- Hearing and visual impairment.
- Sudden loss of consciousness.
- The feeling of pressure and pulsation in the head.
However, the most effective method of detecting a brain cyst is regular ultrasound. It is a simple and not expensive test that can prevent a lot of problems.
A brain cyst is treated in two ways: medical and surgical. The last should be used only in extreme cases.