Treatment of Baker’s cysts
As a result of the diagnosis the doctor prescribes the appropriate treatment. In some situations, Baker cyst resolves itself, treatment is required only when education is large and is accompanied by severe discomfort. A physiotherapist can advise set of special exercises in conjunction with the imposition of cold compresses to accelerate the healing.
In other instances, the conservative and surgical methods of elimination education. Baker’s cyst treatment strategy usually defines a surgeon or a podiatrist.
The conservative method
Includes carrying puncture cyst aspiration of excess fluid with a syringe (drainage of the cyst), and the subsequent introduction into the cyst steroid anti-inflammatory agents, for example, diprospana, Kenalogum or hydrocortisone. The main problem of the conservative treatment is that it is not always effective and often provokes recurrent.
If the knee joint is inflamed, it is necessary first of all to cure the basic illness. In this case, the appointed physiotherapy (bioresonance therapy, pulse), compresses, ointments and pills (NSAIDs) drugs with the use of hormonal blockade medications, and physical exercises aimed at strengthening the knee.
When Baker’s cysts of the knee traditional therapies can be used in combination therapy, these are herbs like burdock, celandine, golden mustache. If the patient does not have allergic reactions to these plants, then the small size of the brush packs are good enough effect, you can also take infusions of herbs inside.
It is much more the result gives the surgery. Often resort to it when the cyst becomes large and difficult movement of the joint, its bending, squeezing with the popliteal neurovascular bundle. The reason for the operation, and can serve as an unsuccessful conservative treatment and recurrent synovitis.
The operational method of removing a cyst Baker based on its excision. Usually, local anesthesia (general anesthesia in children), and the procedure lasts no more than a third hour. Technology operations should – at the site of the cyst performed incision 3-4 cm in length, the surgeon identifies education as joint cavity of the knee joint with the cyst, and ligated stitched, and the cyst is cut off.
Sometimes, a similar operation is carried out using the arthroscope, the least traumatic as made only three small incisions with the diameter of the insertion tube. After surgery, the patient is recovering in a hospital about 3-5 hours, the sutures are removed after a week. Walking alone the patient is allowed only 5 days after the operation. Postoperatively, the patient wears a tight bandage or plaster.
Please be aware that the treatment will be more effective if it is to start as early as possible, because such a cyst of the knee may give complications:
The gap cysts
In rare cases, it is broken, and synovial fluid enters the muscles in the back of the leg. It occurs as a result of increasing pressure because of the size of the brush. In this situation, you experience the following symptoms: swelling of the knee or the entire leg, severe pain in the popliteal area due to compression of the blood, lymph vessels and nerves, redness of the skin on the affected area. These symptoms are very similar to symptoms of disorders associated with the occurrence of blood clots in the vessels of the legs. A qualified physician must examine the patient and to avoid such illnesses, such as thrombosis or deep vein thrombophlebitis.
The compression of veins, muscles, nerves shin
Baker’s cyst may put pressure on the veins of the lower leg, causing blood stasis, the development of blood clots and inflammation of the walls of the veins. It is known to all that the separation causes a blood clot blockage of large blood vessels, and if this is the pulmonary artery, it is instant death of the patient. Break squeezed the blood vessel can be complicated by severe bleeding. Prolonged compression of the nerves, muscles, blood vessels appear compartment syndrome, whose consequences are very serious for the whole limb. It may develop soft tissue necrosis, inflammation of the bone (osteomyelitis) and other complications.