Parovarian cyst: symptoms, treatment, possible complications

November 8, 2015

Parovarian cyst: symptoms, treatment, possible complications

What is parovarian cyst?

As a rule, a woman hears this diagnosis and panics. But not everything is so terrible, especially today, when modern medicine is far stepped forward. Parovarian cyst – located in the cavity formation arising from the pineal gland of the ovary. It contains a large amount of watery fluid protein. The disease can occur smoothly, but often characterized by abdominal pain, which is often given in the lower back, violation of menstruation, and even infertility. Complications of cysts can be a capsule rupture and torsion legs.

The development of the disease

parovarian cyst grows very long. It increases due to the stretching of the walls and the accumulation of fluid. Also, it contributes to inflammation of the uterus or ovary, early sexual activity, repeated miscarriage. Paratubarnaya (paraovarialnaya) cyst can reach ten centimeters. If the size increases to the size of baby’s head, this leads to infertility. Upon reaching the size of five centimeters begin to show symptoms. It can be nagging and aching pain during ovulation and menstruation, which are enhanced at high loads. While the pressure on the bladder or bowel disorders occur dizuricheskie, defecation, constipation, increased significantly in the size of the stomach. Parovarian cyst of the ovary often detected during a visit to a gynecologist or a planned US. Sometimes it is differentiated as a tumor of the ovary, ovarian cyst or ectopic pregnancy.

How to be treated for this disease?

Compared to the corpus luteum cyst or follicular, parovarian cyst itself does not disappear. Basically, it is observed in women aged 20 to 40 years. Sometimes treatment is recommended surgery – enucleation of the cyst. Removal of tumors should be made prior to IVF or planning a pregnancy. Held enucleation of the cyst in the mode of laparoscopy or laparotomy. If diagnosed uncomplicated, then dissected leaf (front) uterine ligaments.

Complications

If not go to the hospital on time, complications can not be avoided. Parovarian cyst can give a lot of complications. This may be suppuration fluid contained within the cyst, or rupture of the capsule. During festering body temperature rises to 40, there is a sharp pain in his stomach and vomiting.

If the same happened torsion legs, then clamped uterine ligaments, the nerve vascular trunks, sometimes even the fallopian tube. In this case, begins to develop necrosis of the cyst. The patient’s deteriorating health, there are cramping pain throughout the abdomen, tense anterior abdominal wall, trapped gases, pale skin, cold sweat stands out. In case of breaking parovarian cyst begins internal bleeding, accompanied by sharp pains. With sequelae, the disease usually requires surgical intervention and follow-up at the gynecologist. After surgery, usually not noticed progression as completely removed rudimentnye tissue cyst and paratubarnaya longer evolves. Gynecologist recommended to think about the conception of the child, not earlier than after 4 menstrual cycles after treatment.

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