Luteum cyst

September 14, 2015

luteum-cyst

  • It Occurs almost every menstruating women during the life
  • Its appearance may be accompanied by failure of menstrual cycle
  • 90% of the time takes 3-4 months
  • Hormonal contraceptives accelerate the healing process
  • Can mimic endometrioid cyst
  • Most common complication is rupture of the cyst and bleeding in the capsule.

What:

  • Consult your gynecologist about the possibility of accepting hormonal contraceptives (preferably at least 6 months).
  • Avoid sudden movements and excessive exercise.
  • Treatment or observation should not exceed 1 year

And now everything in detail!

Luteum Cyst belongs to the category of functional ovarian cysts. It occurs quite often among the female population. Sometimes the cyst may appear, and then disappear without a trace completely invisible to women. This is its main attraction – the ability to self-absorption. But everything in order.

Causes of a cyst of a yellow body

First of all, I would like to remind you about those changes that occur in the ovaries during the menstrual cycle. After menstruation one of the ovaries follicle – liquid bubble containing the egg. In the middle of the cycle, ovulation occurs – the rupture of the vesicle and the release of an egg from the ovary into the fallopian tube. At the site of ruptured follicle forms the “yellow body”, which produces hormones for a successful start expected pregnancy. But if pregnancy does not occur, the yellow body, for lack of use, it begins to dissolve, the level of hormones decreases and menstruation begins.

luteum-cyst-2

Sometimes, the process of resorption of the corpus luteum is broken, it accumulates fluid and forms a cyst. Another mechanism of cyst formation is associated with a good blood supply of the corpus luteum and frequent hemorrhages. Accumulation of blood slows down normal resorption of the corpus luteum and it also leads to the formation of cysts. But anyway, the main reason for the cyst of a yellow body – hormonal disruptions (usually very short and low).

luteum-cyst-4    luteum-cyst-3

Features of the cyst of a yellow body.

So, the cyst is done. What’s next? And then the capsule of the cyst of a yellow body for several months retains its unique ability to resorption. But if in six months the cyst does not disappear, this property is lost. Of course, there are times and later disappearance of the cyst of a yellow body, but still worth to focus on the timeframe of 4-6 months.

During this time luteum cyst of the ovary becomes sufficiently dense capsule and reaches a size from 4 to 10, see its Contents can be completely transparent or dark brown (like hot chocolate). Brown content generally associated with the presence of blood within the cyst after hemorrhage. In such situations a cyst of a yellow body is very easily confused with endometrioid cyst.

Symptoms of a cyst of a yellow body.

What are the symptoms of a cyst of a yellow body. Some women luteum cyst occurs after failure of the menstrual cycle. First, there is a short delay of menstruation, and then begins a protracted menstruation. This is due to hormonal changes that occur in the body during the formation of cysts. But it is not always. In most cases, the appearance of the cyst is seamless. When the cyst increases in size (usually more than 4 cm), it can occur that dragging pain in the abdomen, lower back.

Signs of a cyst of a yellow body appear with the development of complications. The most common complications I would have reacted the torsion and rupture of a cyst of a yellow body. In this case there is intense pain in the abdomen, there may be nausea, vomiting (read about this in the article “Acute complications of ovarian cysts”).

Treatment of cysts of the corpus luteum

What to do with a cyst of a yellow body? There are two approaches to treatment of cysts of the corpus luteum.

The First (less preferred) – do nothing for 3-4 months. Upon expiry of this period, after your period to do an ultrasound and see – cyst grows, decreases, or remains the same. If there is no significant increase of the cyst of a yellow body, we can see another 3-4 months. After that, it becomes clear, has remained a cyst or not, and whether you need to conduct the operation.

The second approach is the same, but in parallel are taken hormonal contraceptives. Oral contraceptives eliminate hormonal fluctuations throughout the menstrual cycle, allowing the ovary to relax and to “concentrate on the resorption of the cyst”.

Sometimes there is a need for surgical treatment. Usually question about removing the cyst of a yellow body occurs after 6-8 months after the discovery of the cyst, when the chances of its destruction will be significantly reduced. Similarly the removal of a cyst of a yellow body is needed in case of complications – severe pain syndrome or torsion (in this case, it is necessary to operate as soon as possible, in order to save the ovary). If there is rupture of a cyst of a yellow body, then in most cases you can do without surgery. This all depends on the health of the patient and the amount of blood lost.

Conclusions:

So, the cyst of a yellow body:

  • It Occurs almost every menstruating women during the life
  • Its appearance may be accompanied by failure menstrual cycle
  • 90% of the time takes 3-4 months
  • Hormonal contraceptives accelerate the healing process
  • Can mimic endometrioid cyst
  • Most common complication is rupture of the cyst and bleeding in the capsule.

What to do?

  • Consult your gynecologist about the possibility of hormonal contraceptives (preferably at least 6 months).
  • While You there is a cyst — avoid sudden movements and excessive exercise.
  • Treatment or observation should not exceed 1 year.

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