Atheroma – a specific epidermal cyst on the surface of the human body. Visually, it looks like a small bag with a capsule. Contained in it a thick yellowish liquid, which publishes a rather unpleasant odor. Such education can occur in any person, regardless of gender and age. The most common atheroma scalp. Though sometimes it can be localized on the trunk, arms, back. This education is extremely benign. However, if time does not ask for help, the build-up on the site of localization may be a malignant tumor.
What is pathology?
Enough unpleasant atheroma formation is on his head. Treatment, causes, symptoms and prevention of the disease caused a lot of questions for patients faced with this pathology. Before you touch them, see what is pathology.
This new formation of subcutaneous tumor. Atheroma occurs on the head as a result of blockage of the sebaceous glands. Such a cyst does not cause pain. However, it is able to grow in size and become inflamed. In this case, it causes painful discomfort.
If not to take action against, the formation can cause inflammation or infection. In this case, patients have serious complications. This is the main risk of atheroma – backfired.
The causes of disease
Disturbed metabolism and lack of hygienic care could provoke the appearance of atheroma. Profuse sweating and increased greasiness of the skin significantly enhance the risk of developing pathology.
If to speak about the direct cause, then atheroma scalp often occurs as a result of the following factors:
- blockage of skin sebaceous ducts;
- violation of the hair follicles;
- rupture of the sebaceous gland;
- High levels of testosterone;
- carbunculosis, abrasions.
Symptoms of disease
Atheroma on the head of the child and the adult does not appear immediately. Initially, there is itching, and the place where the clogged duct, blushing. Inflammation then gradually subsides. At the same time within the epidermis starts to grow a tumor. After 2-4 weeks on the skin surface is formed convex. If the cyst is small, it does not manifest itself. It can be seen during combing when damaged its hull. In this case there is the risk of infection leading to the development of the inflammatory process.
When such circumstances atheroma scalp causes the following symptoms:
- soreness and swelling on palpation;
- flushing of the skin around education;
- Output cyst content, while there is a sharp putrid odor;
- atheroma volume increases sharply for 1-2 days;
- the temperature rises.
In the event of such symptoms should immediately consult your doctor.
However, it is recommended to start treatment before its festering, as soon as the cyst is detected. It is necessary to remove the atheroma, until she reached the large size.
This pathology can not be ignored. Initially atheroma color results in the loss of hair at the site of its localization. However, further consequences are much more serious. Sebaceous glands, initially clogged, can develop into a malignant neoplasm.
In addition, within the atheroma may contain infected mass. It can lead to acute inflammation. The patient greatly increases the temperature, there are signs of intoxication. This process often becomes sepsis blood. Doctors warn that often diagnosed following complications:
- abscess soft tissue of the head;
- intracranial brain abscess.
In no case should not put a diagnosis on their own. Atheroma capitis quite similar to lipoma. Therefore, the diagnosis can only be qualified. If necessary, the doctor may prescribe additional examination methods:
- computed tomography;
- histology (allows to exclude malignancy).
Treatment of diseases
As previously noted, it is impossible to ignore the atheroma, because at any moment it could get infected and cause abscess. Even if you do not have a tendency to increased atheroma scalp, treatment should begin as soon as possible.
To avoid the unpleasant consequences of the tumor must be removed. At present, there are three methods of getting rid of disease.
Before we touch them, you should understand that the cyst in a state of inflammation can not be operating. In this case, initially removed purulent masses, then carefully washed and drained capsule antiseptic and anti-inflammatory agents. And the question of removing rises only 3 months after opening and covered antibiotic treatment.
This classic method. Before surgery the area around the cyst carefully shaved. We introduce a local anesthetic. The doctor makes a small incision is made carefully, and then extract the brush and the capsule shell.
If necessary, formed on the wound closed with stitches. Usually, the scar is usually imperceptible.
A very effective way. Atheroma opened the laser and its contents burned. After this interference practically recurrences, even though the shell gland remains in the epidermis.
However, this method is suitable only if it is a small atheroma scalp. Removing laser show if the formation is less than 1 cm in diameter.
This is the most effective method of intervention as completely removed atheroma – the contents of the capsule. Furthermore, during operation sealed dysfunctional iron. In the future it will not be able to allocate the protein.
The majority of patients prefer this method, because shaving is not required and there is no suturing. Therefore, no scars remain.
The main reason why there is an atheroma – a malfunction of the sebaceous glands. Therefore, preventive measures aimed at stabilizing its operations. Initially, to remember that the most important condition – it is the right and regular hygiene.
In order to prevent:
- should be thoroughly wash your hair;
- is recommended to exclude from the diet of fatty, sweet, spicy food;
- during shampooing, it is desirable to use cosmetic products to reduce the fat content of hair.
And the most important rule: if there are any tumors you must not delay the process, and immediately contact a specialist.